Mrs. Marsala's Webpage

Mrs. Patricia Marsala

2nd Trimester - 2017-2018

Social Studies - 6th Grade


The Ancient World


  • Early China

    • China’s First Civilizations

    • Life in Ancient China

    • The Qin and Han Dynasties


New Empires and New Faiths


  • The Rise of Rome

    • Rome’s Beginnings

    • The Roman Republic

    • The Fall of the Republic

    • The Early Empire

  • Roman Civilization

    • Life in Ancient Rome

    • The Fall of Rome

    • The Byzantine Empire


The Middle Ages


  • China in the Middle Ages

    • China Reunies

    • Chinese Society

    • The Mongols in China

    • The Ming Dynasty


  • Medieval Africa

    • The Rise of African Civilizations

    • Africa’s Government and Religion

    • African Society and Culture


  • Medieval Japan

    • Early Japan

    • Shoguns and Samurai

    • Life in Medieval Japan


  • Medieval Europe

    • The Early Middle Ages

    • Feudalism

    • Kingdoms and Crusades

    • The Church and Society

    • The Late Middle Ages


Mrs. Patricia Marsala

2nd Trimester 2017-2018

Social Studies - 7th Grade


Creating a Nation


  • The Spirit of Independence

    • Taxation Without Representation

    • Building Colonial Unity

    • A Call to Arms

    • Moving Toward Independence

  • The Declaration of Independence


  • The American Revolution

    • Early Years

    • The War Continues

    • The War Moves West and South

    • The War Is Won


  • A More Perfect Union

    • The Article of Confederation

    • Convention and Compromise

    • A New Plan of Government

  • The Constitution of the United States


Launching the Republic


  • The Federalist Era

    • The First President

    • Early Challenges

    • The First Political Parties


  • The Jefferson Era

    • The Republicans Take Power

    • The Louisiana Purchase

    • A Time of Conflict

    • The War of 1812


  • Growth and Expansion

    • Economic Growth

    • Westward Bound

    • Unity and Sectionalism





Mrs. Patricia Marsala

2nd Trimester 2017-2018

Social Studies - 8th Grade



Change and Conflict


  • The Jazz Age

    • Time of Turmoil

    • Desire for Normalcy

    • A Booming Economy

    • The Roaring Twenties


  • The Depression and the New Deal

    • The Great Depression

    • Roosevelt’s New Deal

    • Life During the Depression

    • Effects of the New Deal


  • America and World War II

    • The Road to War

    • War Begins

    • On the Home Front

    • War in Europe and Africa

    • War in the Pacific


Challenges at Home and Abroad


  • The Cold War Era

    • Cold War Origins

    • Postwar Politics

    • The Korean War

    • America in the 1950s














Mrs. Patricia Marsala

2nd Trimester 2017-2018

Religion  - 5th Grade




Confirmation and Eucharist Complete Our Initiation


  • Jesus Christ, the Bread of Life

  • The Celebration of the Eucharist

  • Living As Prayerful People


The Sacraments of Healing Restore Us


  • We Turn to God

  • The Celebration of Reconciliation

  • Jesus, the Healer

  • The Celebration of Anointing the Sick

  • Mary, Model of Discipleship


Seasonal

  • Advent

  • Christmas


5th Grade Saints


  • St. Martin De Porres

  • St. Matthias

  • St. Juan Diego



Themes of Catholic Identity


Life and Dignity of the Human Person

Call to FAmily, Community, and Participation

Rights and Responsibilities of the Human Person

The Dignity of Work and the Rights of  the Workers

Care for God’s Creation








Mrs. Patricia Marsala

2nd Trimester 2017-2018

Religion  - 6th Grade



Building the Covenant Nation


  • A Conquering People

  • A Royal People

  • A Prosperous People


Redefining the Covenant People


  • A Divided People:  Israel, the Northern Kingdom

  • A Divided People:  Judah, the Southern Kingdom

  • The Exile and the Journey Home

  • A Strong People

  • God Fulfills His Promise


Seasonal


  • Advent

  • Christmas


6th Grade Saints


  • St. Stephen

  • St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross

  • St. Joan of Arc

  • St. John Bosco



Themes of Catholic Identity


Life and Dignity of the Human Person

Call to FAmily, Community, and Participation

Rights and Responsibilities of the Human Person

The Dignity of Work and the Rights of  the Workers

Care for God’s Creation









Mrs. Patricia Marsala

2nd Trimester 2017-2018

Science  - 5th Grade



Changes in the Surface of the Planet


  • Rocks are composed of minerals. Only a few rock forming minerals make up most of the rock on Earth. Minerals are identified on the basis of physical properties such as streak, hardness, and reaction to acid.

  • Rocks are classified according to their method of formation. The three classes of rocks are sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous. Most rocks show characteristics that give clues to their formation conditions.

  • The rock cycle model shows how types of rock or rock material may be transformed from one type of rock to another.   

  • The dynamic processes that wear away Earth’s surface include weathering and erosion.

  • The process of weathering breaks down rocks to form sediment. Soil consists of sediment, organic material, water, and air.

  • Erosion is the transport of sediment. Gravity is the driving force behind erosion. Gravity can act directly or through agents such as moving water, wind, and glaciers.

  • The interior of Earth is hot. Heat flow and movement of material within Earth cause sections of Earth’s crust to move. This may result in earthquakes, volcanic eruption, and the creation of mountains and ocean basins.

  • Folded, tilted, faulted, and displaced rock layers suggest past crustal movement.

  • Plates may collide, move apart, or slide past one another. Most volcanic activity and mountain building occur at the boundaries of these plates, often resulting in earthquakes.


Food and Nutrition

  • Human need a variety of healthy foods, exercise, and rest in order to grow and maintain good health.

  • Good health habits include hand washing and personal cleanliness; avoiding harmful substances (including alcohol, tobacco, illicit drugs); eating a balanced diet; engaging in regular exercise.

  • The health, growth, and development of organisms are affected by environmental conditions such as the availability of food, air, eater, space, shelter, heat, and sunlight.

  • Particular animal characteristics are influenced by changing environmental conditions including: fat storage in winter, coat thickness in winter, camouflage, shedding of fur.

  • Growth is the process by which plants and animals increase in size.

  • Food supplies the energy and materials necessary for growth and repair.










2nd Trimester - Labs


  1. How does water erode soil?

  2. How does rock form?

  3. How does acid rain affect buildings and statues?











































Mrs. Patricia Marsala

2nd Trimester 2017-2018

Science  - 6th Grade



Energy and Simple Machines


  • Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but only changed from one form into another.

  • Energy can be considered either to be either kinetic energy, which is energy of motion, or potential energy, which depends on relative position.

  • Different forms of energy include heat, light, electrical, mechanical, sound, nuclear and chemical energy.

  • The Sun is a major source of energy for Earth. Other sources of energy include nuclear and geothermal energy.

  • Energy can change from one form to another although in the process some energy is always converted to heat. Some systems transform energy with less loss of heat than others.

  • Simple machines include a lever, a pulley, a wheel and axle, and an inclined plane.  

  • A machine can be made more efficient by reducing friction. Some common ways of reducing friction include lubricating or waxing surfaces.  

  • Friction is a force that opposes motion.

  • A complex machine uses a combination of interacting simple machines.  

  • Machines transfer mechanical energy from one object to another.  

  • Machines can change the direction or amount of force, or the distance or speed of force required to do work.



Weather and Atmosphere   (2nd and 3rd Trimesters)


  • The substances have characteristics properties. Some of these properties include color, odor, phase at room temperature, density, solubility, heat and electrical conductivity, hardness, and boiling and freezing points.

  • The motion of particles helps to explain the phases (states) of matter as well as changes from one phase to another. The phase in which matter exists depends on the attractive forces among its particles.  

  • Gases have neither a determined shape nor definite volume. Gases assume the shape and volume of a closed container.

  • A liquid has definite volume, but takes the shape of a container.  

  • A solid has definite shape and volume. Particles resist a change in position.  

  • During a physical change a substance keeps its chemical composition and properties. Examples of physical changes include freezing, melting, condensation, boiling, evaporation, tearing, and crushing.  




  • During a phase change, heat energy is absorbed or released. Energy is absorbed when a solid changes to a liquid and when a liquid changes to a gas. Energy is released when a gas changes to a liquid and when a liquid changes to a solid.

  • Energy cannot be created or destroyed, but only changed from one form into another.  

  • The Sun is the major source of energy for Earth. Other sources of energy include nuclear and geothermal energy.

  • Different forms of energy include heat, light, electrical, mechanical, sound, nuclear and chemical. Energy is transformed in many ways.

  • Most activities in everyday life involve one form of energy being transformed into another. For example, the chemical energy in gasoline is transformed into mechanical energy in an automobile engine. Energy, in the form of heat, is almost always one the product of energy transformations.

  • Light passes through some materials, sometimes refracting in the process. Materials absorb and reflect light, and may transmit light. To see an object, light from that object, emitted by or reflected from it, must enter the eye.

  • Heat moves in predictable ways, flowing from warmer objects to cooler ones, until both have reached the same temperature.

  • Heat can be transferred through matter by the collisions of atoms and/or molecules (conduction) or through space (radiation). In liquid or gas, currents will facilitate the transfer of heat (convection).

  • Nearly all the atmosphere is confined to a thin shell surrounding the Earth. The atmosphere is a mixture of gases, including nitrogen, oxygen, with small amounts of water vapor, carbon dioxide, and other trace gases. The atmosphere is stratified into layers, each having distinct properties. Nearly all weather occurs in the lowest layer of the atmosphere.

  • The rock at Earth’s surface forms a nearly continuous shell around Earth called the lithosphere.



2nd Trimester - Labs


  1. Science work and Machines” levers, inclined plane, wedge, pulleys

  2. Transfer of energy.

  3. Construct an item that  will produce more friction by increasing friction and vice versa.

  4. Demonstrate convection currents.

  5. Density, Mass, Volume